Baja California and the Sea of Cortez
AT A GLANCE
Bird & Wildlife Cruise
whales & dolphins, birds, other marine life, scenery & photography
San Diego – Pacific coast – San Ignacio Lagoon – Sea of Cortez & islands – Cabo San Lucas
Cool to warm
26 passenger live-aboard sports fishing boat, cabins without private facilties.
Blue, Gray, Fin, Humpback and many other whales, dolphins, seals, seabirds including Pacific albatross, shorebirds, desert birds and regional endemics.
This island-studded marine wilderness is often referred to as the ‘Mexican Galapagos’ and it boasts one of the greatest diversities of sea life anywhere on Earth. Baja California is one of the longest and wildest peninsulas in the world, stretching from the Californian border to the town of Cabo San Lucas, more than 800 miles to the south. It is flanked on one side by the cool waters of the North Pacific and on the other by the warm nutrient rich waters of the Sea of Cortez.
It is a truly outstanding area for whales and dolphins, quite simply one of the best in the world, and these waters provide rich feeding grounds for Blue, Fin, Humpback, Gray, Bryde’s, Minke, Sperm and Short-finned Pilot Whales. We also expect to see Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Bottlenose Dolphins (both inshore and offshore forms), plus Short-beaked and Long-beaked Common Dolphins, and for the very keen, Dwarf Sperm Whale. In fact, we are frequently surrounded by herds of dolphins numbering well over a thousand individuals, bubbling out of the sea in every direction, with small groups frequently venturing in to bow ride with us. On previous trips we have been joined by pods of bow riding Orcas, lunge feeding Blue Whales and groups of up to 20 Sperm Whales. In addition to the female Gray Whales and their calves waiting for us even before we dropped anchor in their breeding lagoon, other memorable moments include male Humpbacks that repeatedly breach (one 60 times in succession) just a few metres from us, thirty tons of whale makes quite a noise and a splash when it hits the water! Our ever growing multi-year list also includes False Killer Whales, an hour long encounter with a Whale Shark and Spinner Dolphins, so surprises are more than possible too! A remarkable 13 species of cetacean were seen on one trip alone, including at least 300 whale sightings and well over 6000 dolphins. The endangered Guadalupe Fur Seal, endemic to this region, has also been seen well in the last few years. The 2016 voyage enjoyed all the usual suspects plus the mega-highlight of close encounters with Whale Sharks (the world’s largest fish) near La Paz. Normally they have departed by ‘our time’ but this year some stayed late, most of our party enjoyed snorkelling with them too! In addition, the group enjoyed one of the least known cetaceans in the world, Peruvian (Pygmy) Beaked Whale and we added Cook’s Petrel (from New Zealand) to our multi-year bird list. As always in the natural world, expect surprises!
Some great birds are on offer too, with range-restricted species possible including Guadalupe and Scripp’s Murrelets (both formally known as Xantu’s Murrelet, but split in 2012) plus Craveri’s Murrelet, Black-vented and Townsend’s Shearwaters, Black and Least Storm-Petrels, Grey Thrasher and Xantu’s Hummingbird. Belding’s Yellowthroat is also possible prior to departure from Cabo on the last morning. Two of the three Pacific albatross are likely, tropicbirds, boobies plus for many people, their first taste of ‘desert birding’ ashore. Our co-leader David Wimpfheimer, is a year-round professional bird guide. His optional, small-group birding trip around San Diego on the day of sailing, usually yields about 100 species. 2017 added Short-tailed Albatross (!) and Ridgeway’s Rail to our multi-year bird list.
During this fabulous voyage we travel the length of Baja California and explore the Sea of Cortez. We cruise south from San Diego along the Pacific coast of the peninsula, stopping at remote offshore islands for nature walks, bird watching, visits to Guadalupe Fur and Northern Elephant Seal rookeries and exploring tide pools. We will also be looking for migrating whales, dolphins, as well as other marine mammals and seabirds along the way. This is an excellent area for Blue Whales and we are likely to encounter several mother and calf pairs.
Every autumn, thousands of Gray Whales migrate from their summer feeding grounds in the Bering and Chukchi Seas, to the protected lagoons off the west coast of Baja California, where they mate and calve. We spend two whole days in San Ignacio Lagoon, one of their major calving lagoons, which attracts literally hundreds of whales. Our small Mexican boats, or ‘pangas’, allow us to approach the animals unobtrusively. Photographic opportunities are excellent, as here the ‘friendly’ Gray Whales are famous for approaching the pangas at arm’s length. They often nudge the side of the boat and frequently lie alongside it waiting to be rubbed by your hands; their mouths open displaying huge fringed curtains of creamy white baleen plates. Eye to eye contact with these amazing animals is something you will never forget, we guarantee it! The lagoon is also a wintering ground for migrating birds and while exploring the mangrove channels, we will look out for Mangrove Warbler, White Ibis, Royal Terns, Reddish Egrets, Brown Pelicans and numerous waders.
Rounding the tip of the peninsula, we then enter the Sea of Cortez, the youngest and perhaps the richest sea in the world. Nutrients from deep submarine canyons feed abundant fish and plankton near the surface. We spend the remainder of the expedition cruising its tropical waters looking for cetaceans and other wildlife and exploring its fascinating islands. In this area we often encounter numerous Humpbacks feeding, and courting. We will usually spend time watching incredible displays of breaching, flipper slapping and lobtailing. There are also over 600 species of fish here, including huge Manta Rays, mobulas and several species of shark. We have had great views of Blue and Hammerhead Sharks, and we usually see turtles, Sailfish and huge Sunfish too. At night we may marvel at bioluminescent seas and watch seahorses, sea snakes and flying fish as they are drawn to the ship’s lights and if you are really lucky, bioluminescent dolphins! The bird life is spectacular, the islands support a large number of tropical birds including Blue-footed Boobies, Magnificent Frigatebirds, Red-billed Tropicbirds and a variety of hummingbirds including the endemic Xantu’s. On some islands, giant cacti such as the Cardon reach a height of over 65 feet (20 metres) and tower over a host of curiously shaped succulents. This is the territory of some intriguing bird species such as Cactus Wren, Grey Thrasher and Gila Woodpecker, as well as many other specialised desert inhabitants including various lizards and the endemic Rattleless Rattlesnake (which are harmless).
Our transition from temperate to tropical waters makes this an extraordinarily rich and varied expedition. These are days packed with more superb whale and dolphin watching, shore walks to investigate spectacular forests of cacti, tide pools and mangroves, some excellent bird watching, and snorkelling with colourful fish and inquisitive California Sea Lions. In recent years the Whale Sharks that visit this region have been staying into April. Subject to their presence each spring, we will spend some time looking for them and there may be opportunities for those who wish, to swim with them.
Day 1: Arrive San Diego, overnight hotel (room only).
Day 2: Optional birding excursion by bus (0700-1530) or day at leisure, city sightseeing, shopping etc.
Early evening board the Spirit of Adventure and sail
Day 3: Isla Todos Santos for nesting seabirds and Harbour Seals
Day 4: Isla San Benitos to view a Northern Elephant Seal rookery, California Sea Lions, Ospreys and desert plants and to seek the very rare and endemic Guadalupe Fur Seal.
Days 5-6: San Ignacio Lagoon for close encounters with ‘friendly’ Gray Whales
Day 7: Magdalena Bay area for more Gray Whales, as well as feeding Blue and Humpback Whales further offshore and around Cabo San Lucas.
Days 8-12: Whale watching, bird watching, snorkelling and other activities in the Sea of Cortez
Day 13: Expedition concludes at Cabo San Lucas, transfer to airport for homeward flights.
(Day 14: Arrive back UK if flying straight home)
Please note: All itineraries are subject to weather, local conditions and final approval by the relevant authorities.
Dates: 25th March – 6th April 2020
Naturalists/guides: Scot Anderson and David Wimpfheimer plus ship’s crew.
Max no of participants: 26
25th March – 6th April, THE LAST SAILING!!! Early booking price £4795pp, booking now!
Price includes: Overnight hotel accommodation in San Diego in rooms with private facilities, Travel and accommodation aboard the Spirit of Adventure, an 88-foot long, U.S registered boat, air-conditioned with mostly twin (two triple) cabins. Cabins are small (for sleeping and changing in only, note some have upper & lower berths) with limited storage space only. There is a spacious salon for relaxing, socialising and eating. Four toilets and three hot freshwater showers. Three sturdy long Mexican pangas operated by local fishermen are used for close encounters with Gray Whales in San Ignacio Lagoon (the Spirit of Adventure’s skiffs are used at all other times). All meals aboard the Spirit of Adventure, luggage transfer from San Diego hotel to vessel, (for participants themselves, it is a 10 minute walk), transfer to Cabo airport post-voyage, services of leaders, shore excursions as described, lagoon permits, Mexican visas, WildOceans/WildWings pre-trip information pack plus cetacean and bird checklist for use on tour.
Price excludes: Flights to San Diego and from Cabo San Lucas (from approx. £900 return per person from the UK). Meals in San Diego, drinks, crew gratuities aboard vessel (we suggest $15-25 per person per day), panga boatman tips ($15-20 per person) and other items of a personal nature and travel insurance.
Single room supplement in San Diego £69. Optional birding excursion in San Diego, March 26th £95.
WildOceans Baja California: selected previous trip sightings:
Dwarf Sperm Whale
Peruvian (Pygmy) Beaked Whale
Long-beaked Common Dolphin
Pacific White-sided Dolphin
California Sea Lion
Northern Elephant Seal
Guadalupe Fur Seal
Pacific Green Turtle
California Flying Fish
Selected seabirds: Pacific and Great Northern Divers, Western and Clark’s Grebes, Laysan and Black-footed Albatrosses, Townsend’s, Pinked-footed, Sooty and Black-vented Shearwaters, Black and Least Storm Petrels, Red-billed Tropicbird, Blue Footed, Masked and Brown Boobies, Brown Pelican, Brandt’s, Double-crested and Pelagic Cormorants, Magnificent Frigatebird, Pomarine Skua, Heermann’s, California, Yellow-footed, Western and Sabine’s Gulls, Caspian and Royal Terns, Xantus’s (now Guadalupe and Scripp’s) and Craveri’s Murrelets plus Cassin’s Auklet.
Other birds should include shorebirds such as Grey and Red-necked Phalaropes, Surfbird, Wandering Tattler, Snowy Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Killdeer, American Oystercatcher, American Black Oystercatcher, American Avocet, Greater Yellowlegs, Long-billed Curlew, Marbled Godwit, Western and Least Sandpipers, Long and Short-billed Dowitchers, Black Turnstone and Willet, land bird endemics such as Xantus’ Hummingbird, Grey Thrasher & Belding’s Yellowthroat. Landing on various desert islands, we can also expect Gila Woodpeckers, Cactus Wrens plus Phainopepla and other ‘desert’species ashore. The optional day’s birding around San Diego should yield around 100 species.
Previous trip reports are available on our website or from us, including 2017.
25th March – 6th April 2020
25th March – 6th April 2021
Baja California and the Sea of Cortez tour leader
David Wimpfheimer is a naturalist and biologist with a passion for the birds and natural history of the Western United States.
Baja California and the Sea of Cortez tour leader
‘Sharkman’, Scot Anderson conducted research on seabirds in Hawaii and Alaska for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and works for the National Park Service near San Francisco.